Christopher Henry “Chris” Gayle (born 21 September 1979) is a Jamaican cricketer who plays international cricket for theWest Indies. Considered one of the most powerful batsmen in limited-overs cricket, Gayle has set numerous records in all formats of the game.
He is one of only four players who have scored two triple centuries at Test level: 317 against South Africa in 2005, and 333 against Sri Lanka in 2010. He is known as a big hitter, very often hitting sixes; in 2012 he became the first player to hit a six off the first ball of a Test match. Playing for Royal Challengers Bangalore, he scored a 30-ball century, that became the highest individual T20 score (175 not out).It eclipsed the previous mark set by Brendon McCullum of Gujarat Lions. At the launch of the Caribbean Premier League he was announced as the first franchise player for the league.
Gayle became the first batsman in World Cup history to score a double century when he reached 200 off 138 balls againstZimbabwe during the 2015 World Cup. He finished on 215 runs, which was the record for highest score in a World Cup until it was broken by Martin Guptill against Gayle’s own team. He is one of the five players to score a double century in ODIs. In March 2016, Gayle became only the second player (after Brendon McCullum) to hit two Twenty20 International hundreds, scoring 100 not out against England.
Gayle captained the West Indies’ Test side from 2007 to 2010. He plays domestic cricket for Jamaica, and also represents theRoyal Challengers Bangalore in the Indian Premier League, the Lahore Qalandars in the Pakistan Super League, theMelbourne Renegades in the Big Bash League and the Dhaka Gladiators in the Bangladesh Premier League. He has also represented Worcestershire, the Western Warriors, Sydney Thunder, Barisal Burners, Kolkata Knight Riders and Somerset in his career. He was also selected for team Uva Next for the inaugural Sri Lanka Premier League in 2012. His daughter named Blush was born on 20 April 2016
Christopher Henry Gayle
21 September 1979 (age 36) Kingston, Jamaica
Gayle-Force, Gayle-Storm, World Boss, Master Storm, Spartan,
6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Right-arm off spin
All-rounder, Opening batsman
Test debut(cap 232)
16 March 2000 v Zimbabwe
5 September 2014 v Bangladesh
ODI debut (cap 97)
11 September 1999 v India
21 March 2015 v New Zealand
ODI shirt no.
T20I debut (cap 6)
16 February 2006 v New Zealand
3 April 2016 v England
Domestic team information
Kolkata Knight Riders(squad no. 45)
Royal Challengers Bangalore(squad no. 333)
Melbourne Renegades(squad no. 333)
Lahore Qalandars(squad no. 333)
Somerset (squad no. 333)
5 wickets in innings
10 wickets in match
Gayle started his cricket career with the famous Lucas Cricket Club in Kingston, Jamaica. Gayle claimed “If it was not for Lucas I don’t know where I would be today. Maybe on the streets.”Lucas Cricket Club’s nursery has been named in honour of Gayle.
Gayle played for the West Indies at youth international level prior to making his first-class debut aged 19 for Jamaica. He played his first One Day International eleven months later, and his first Test match six months after that. He was also the captain of his university, Dawood University of engineering and technology. He was meritorious student of petroleum and gas department. Gayle, who normally opens the innings when he plays for the West Indies, is a destructive batsman who is most effective playing square of the wicket. In July 2001, Gayle (175), together with Daren Ganga (89) established the record for opening partnerships at Queens Sports Club, Bulawayo when they put on 214 together againstZimbabwe.
See also: List of centuries in Twenty20 International cricket
Gayle in 2010.
An innings-by-innings breakdown of Gayle’s Test match batting career, showing runs scored (red bars) and the average of the last ten innings (blue line).
Gayle had a slow start to his international career, but invigorated it in 2002, ending the year with three centuries against Indiain November and becoming the third West Indian to score over 1,000 runs in a calendar year, along with Vivian Richards andBrian Lara. He is one of only six players in One Day International history to have three or more scores of 150. In 2005, Gayle was dropped for the first Test against South Africa along with six other players following a dispute over sponsorship issues (see below). He returned for the second Test but had a poor series until the fourth Test, where he made a match-saving 317. It was the first ever triple century against South Africa and up until Mahela Jayawardene made 374, it was the highest individual Test score against them. In another match of the series, Gayle had to leave the field after complaining of dizziness. During a subsequent series against Australia, Gayle again complained of dizziness and shortness of breath during his innings. He left the field for a time, and was after the match sent to hospital where he was diagnosed with a congenital heart defect causing acardiac dysrhythmia. He underwent heart surgery following the series to correct the defect. In August 2005, Gayle joinedWorcestershire for the rest of the English season, playing eight matches. He made two half-centuries in three first class matches and two half-centuries in five one-day matches, and won one Man of the Match award in the one-day National League. However, Worcestershire were relegated after Gayle made 1 in the final match against Lancashire.
Gayle was named Player of the 2006 Champions Trophy, where the West Indies nearly defended the title they won in 2004, being defeated in the final by Australia. Gayle scored three centuries and totalled 474 runs, 150 more than any other batsman, and also took eight wickets in as many matches. Gayle, in keeping with the rest of the West Indies team, had a poor World Cup in 2007. He recorded a series of low scores; the one exception being a blistering 79 off 58 balls against England in the West Indies’ final match.
Gayle set the first record for the highest innings in a Twenty20 International, scoring 117 against South Africa in the first match of the 2007 World Twenty20. The innings was the first century in international Twenty20 cricket and made him the first batsman to score a century in each of international cricket’s three formats.The record stood unmatched until 19 February 2012, when South Africa’sRichard Levi scored 117n.o. against New Zealand; Cricinfo recognised Levi as having broken the record outright, because a not outinnings is ranked above a dismissal.
In the semi-final match of the 2009 World Twenty20 against Sri Lanka, he became the first international player to carry his batthrough the entire innings in this format of the game as well. In April 2008, Gayle was auctioned by the franchise Kolkata Knight Riders of the Indian Premier League, but missed the opening games due to a Sri Lanka tour to the Caribbean. When he finally joined the team, he missed out on the action due to a groin injury he picked up during that tour. Afterwards, he left to join the West Indies team for a home series against Australia, therefore not playing in the inaugural version of the IPL.
He played in the second IPL competition in early 2009, arriving for an away Test series against England very late, earning criticism about his commitment. His Test series went poorly, and the West Indies went on to lose both the Test and ODI series. Gayle, however, went to on score a match winning 88 in the first official match of the 2009 Twenty20, in a surprise victory over Australia.
On 17 December 2009 in the Australia v West Indies 3rd Test Chris Gayle scored the fifth fastest century in Test match history. He reached the century in just 70 balls. However he was shortly after dismissed for 102 runs. This feat included a flurry of runs thanks to some big hitting sixes. On 16 November 2010, he became the fourth cricketer to score two triple centuries in Test cricket after Donald Bradman, Brian Lara and Virender Sehwag.
On his return to Test cricket in July 2012, he scored 150 on the third day of the first Test against New Zealand.
Gayle scored 75 runs from 41 balls, fuelling West Indies’ total of 205, against Australia in the 2012 ICC World Twenty20 semifinal, which was the highest total of the tournament.
In November 2012, during the First Test against Bangladesh in Dhaka, Gayle became the first player to hit a six off the first ball in the history of Test cricket.In February 2015, he became the fourth cricketer to score a double century in ODIs when he made 215 against Zimbabwe.
In this match against Zimbabwe in World Cup in Canberra, Gayle became the first player to hit a double century in World Cup history. His partnership with Marlon Samuelswas the most productive wicket in Cricket World Cup history, producing 372 runs before Gayle was caught for an out on the final ball of the innings.Coincidentally, he was almost adjudged out on the very first ball he faced as an LBW appeal was raised by Zimbabwe bowler, Tinashe Panyangara, however, the umpire turned down the appeal. Despite a review which showed that the ball would have clipped the top of the bails, the original decision was upheld. Gayle thus became the only player in world cricket to hit a triple hundred in Tests, a double hundred in ODIs and a hundred in Twenty20 Internationals.
C.Gayle’s record in Twenty20 matches
On 1 July 2009, Gayle signed with the Western Australia Warriors for the Australian Domestic Twenty20 tournament known as the Big Bash for the 2009–10 season.
Gayle with the Sydney Thunder in 2011
In 2011, after being left out of the initial part of the West Indies T20 and one-day home series against Pakistan, Gayle opted to join the Royal Challengers Bangalore in thefourth edition of the Indian Premier League.In his debut game against his previous team Kolkata Knight Riders in their home ground, he scored 102 off 55 balls, hitting 10 fours and 7 sixes.On 6 May 2011, he scored another century, 107 off 49 balls in Bangalore against the Kings XI Punjab, which included 10 fours and 9 sixes.In the next match against Kochi Tuskers Kerala, he scored 37 runs in one over, which included 3 sixes, 3 fours and a no ball that was hit for a six. Although many people cite him as having hit the over for 37, one run was awarded as an extra due to the no ball. He can therefore be said to have hit 36 off an over that went for 37. Gayle won the Orange Cap Award for scoring the most runs in the tournament amassing 608 runs in 12 matches. He was instrumental in many victories for the Royal Challengers Bangalore and received five Man of the Match awards and also the Player of the Tournament award for his performances. In the 2011 Champions League Twenty20, Chris Gayle was the second highest run-scorer in the competition, behind David Warner, with 257 runs from 6 matches at an average of 42.83 and a top score of 92, and was one of the star players.
Following his prolific performances Gayle was signed by Zimbabwean franchise Matabeleland Tuskers, for the 2011-12 Stanbic Bank 20 Series. As Gayle later recalled it was valuable practice ahead of the KFC Twenty20 Big Bash, where he had signed for the Sydney Thunder.Gayle hoped his first appearance in the tournament was a success, and he gave the spectators something to cheer about. Gayle was the second West Indian to be signed in the event, after the legendary Brian Lara had signed for Southern Rocks the previous season.
Gayle enjoyed great success in that tournament. He was the leading run-scorer in that series with 293 runs, a top score of 109, and an average over 50, the best of the tournament.Ironically, the only century Gayle scored in the event ended in defeat as Mid West Rhinos’s Brendan Taylor’s outstanding 75* outlasted his team.The Tuskers could not win the tournament as they were overpowered byMashonaland Eagles’s Ryan ten Doeschate’s brilliant 121* off 58 and despite Gayle scoring a half-century, it was not enough to see his home through.
Gayle also joined the Barisal Burners in the Bangladesh Premier League, and has scored two centuries at more than a run-a-ball.
In the 2012 IPlseason, Gayle hit the most sixes (59)and was nominated for the orange cap for making 733 in 14 matches.
He was selected for team Uva Next for the inaugural Sri Lanka Premier League in 2012.
Gayle started off his 2013 IPL season scoring 92 not out from 58 balls, hitting 11 fours and four sixes against the Mumbai Indians. His innings helped his side to victory, and he was awarded the Man of the match. On 23 April 2013 during an IPL match against Pune Warriors India, Gayle broke multiple scoring records. With an individual score of 175 not out off 66 balls and a century reached in 30 balls, Gayle set records for the fastest century reached in any format of cricket, the highest individual score in a T20 match, and the most sixes scored in a single innings in the IPL. He also took two wickets in the match.
On January 18, 2016, in a match with the Adelaide Strikers, Gayle set a new Big Bash League record for the fastest fifty and equaled the world record set by Indian batsmanYuvraj Singh against England in the 2007 ICC World Twenty20. He reached 51 in just 12 deliveries which included seven sixes and smashed the previous record of 18 deliveries set by Strikers batsman Tim Ludeman. He was dismissed shortly after for 56 off 17 balls by Travis Head.
Chris Gayle was signed by Lahore Qalandars in 2016 for 200,000 Dollars to play in the Pakistan Super League. Gayle had his worst T20 league, citing back problems. He only scored 103 runs from 5 matches and was also out twice for a golden duck, the most in his T20 career, by Junaid Khan.
List of Twenty20 centuries
Chris Gayle holds the record for most centuries in Twenty20 cricket (17), 10 more than his nearest rival, Brendon McCullum.
Chris Gayle – Centuries in Twenty20 cricket
11 Sep 2007
Royal Challengers Bangalore
Kolkata Knight Riders
22 Apr 2011
Royal Challengers Bangalore
Kings XI Punjab
6 May 2011
Mid West Rhinos
29 Nov 2011
23 Dec 2011
10 Feb 2012
14 Feb 2012
Royal Challengers Bangalore
17 May 2012
19 Jan 2013
15 Feb 2013
Royal Challengers Bangalore
Pune Warriors India
23 April 2013
St Lucia Zouks
12 July 2014
7 November 2014
Royal Challengers Bangalore
Kings XI Punjab
6 May 2015
31 May 2015
Trinidad and Tobago Red Steel
9 July 2015
16 March 2016
Technique and attitude
See also: Player of the Match awards (cricket)
The ball spat off the middle of his bat to all corners, turning into parabolas that the crowd was hollering for. Gayle faced more than half the balls bowled by the Warriors and produced a compressed 20-over highlights package.
Sharda Ugra, CricInfo on a Gayle IPL innings.
Gayle is known for his characteristic hitting, imposing physique, and timing. He attributes the latter to being very thin when young, and having a heavy bat. He is known for appearing very calm as the bowler approaches. “Tall and imposing at the crease, he loves to carve through the covers off either foot, and has the ability to decimate the figures of even the thriftiest of opening bowlers” recorded Wisden and CricInfo. He holds numerous records that reflect his batting style, including record Twenty20 strike-rates and high scores.
“It is instinct… We premeditate at times, but most of those things are instinct. When a fast bowler runs in to me, my breathing is controlled. So you keep a still head, slow down your breathing. Sometimes I actually hold my breath, so I can be as still and well-balanced as possible. If you get too excited, you overreact more, and with the adrenalin, you lose focus quickly.”
Despite being regarded as a calm, cool cricketer, in 2005 Gayle was involved in the dispute between the West Indies Cricket Board and a number of players over sponsorship issues. These players had personal sponsorship deals with Cable and Wireless, who used to sponsor West Indian cricket. However, since the West Indies had recently become sponsored by Cable and Wireless’ rivals Digicel the West Indies Cricket Board demanded the players dropped their Cable and Wireless deals. When the players refused to back down, the West Indies Cricket Board dropped them for the first Test against South Africa. Gayle later cut his deal with Cable and Wireless and rejoined the side for the second Test. He was charged with conduct contrary to the spirit of cricket during a Test against New Zealand in March 2006, but was subsequently found not guilty. Later that year, during October’s Champions Trophy tournament in India, he was fined 30 percent of his match fee after repeated verbal exchanges with the Australian batsman Michael Clarke. He also publicly criticised the West Indies Cricket Board during the 2007 tour of England, which led to an official reprimand and warning.
Gayle also received criticism in early 2009 during West Indies’ tour of England, where he commented that he did not want to captain the West Indies any more given the pressures involved, and that he “wouldn’t be so sad” if Test cricket was superseded by Twenty20 cricket in the future. From the West Indies, both Viv Richards and Gary Sobers criticised Gayle’s comments, as did opposite number Andrew Strauss. Gayle later commented that his statement had been quoted out of context, according to Julian Hunte, President of the West Indies Cricket Board. In an interview with Mike Atherton at the conclusion of a West Indies defeat in their tour of England, Gayle stated that he was not going to resign the captaincy.
In April 2011 Chris Gayle criticised the West Indies Cricket Board and coach Ottis Gibson and did not play for the team for more than a year. On 6 April 2012, Gayle and the WICB reached an understanding that paved the way for the former West Indies captain to return to the national team. On 25 June 2012, Gayle was chosen to be a part of the 2 T20 and five- match one-day squad series starting on 30 June 2012, in the West Indies and Florida. They won the T20 series 2–0 in which Gayle was awarded man of the series, and the ODI series 4–1 in which Gayle made an aggressive century and half-century.
On 4 January 2016, while being interviewed by Network Ten commentator Mel McLaughlin during the 2015–16 Big Bash League season, Gayle said “so hopefully we can win this game and we can have a drink after” followed by “Don’t blush, baby”. The comments were criticised by the Australian media, with former Australian test captain Ian Chappell encouraging Cricket Australia to ban him from playing in Australia again.Fellow female sports journalist Neroli Meadows stated that Gayle had been acting in such a way for years, and that he did it to “humiliate” women. Gayle said the comments were intended to be a joke. Melbourne Renegades sanctioned Gayle with a A$10,000 fine for inappropriate conduct.
Gayle has scored 39 international centuries, which includes 15 Tests, 22 ODIs and 2 T20I centuries. He is the first cricketer to score centuries in all formats of the game.
See also: List of international cricket centuries by Chris Gayle
First batsman to score a century in each of international cricket’s three formats of the game.
First international player to carry his bat through the entire innings in Twenty20 International.
First player to hit a six off the first ball in the history of Test cricket.
First player of west indies to hit a double century in World Cup history.
Only player in world cricket to hit a triple hundred in Tests, a double hundred in ODIs and a hundred in Twenty20 Internationals.
He also holds a joint record along with Yuvraj Singh for hitting the fastest T20 half century in 12 balls.
In World Cup 2015, he hit the fastest double century against Zimbabwe.
Gayle also holds the record for highest individual score in T20 which is 175* off just 66 balls against Pune Warriors India.